Exercise american put option early 1960s

In effect untilwhen Civil Rights Act nullified them. It worked for the ratings. SIG-- Black Codes were important because they imposed the same restrictions that had been on slaves on the newly freed blacks. Constitution and called it a pro-slavery document. You can easily make it more complicated by, for example, breaking it down into smaller time periods, thereby capturing more of the intermediate values.

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr. Click to see the original works with their full license. What is exercise american put option early 1960s email? Whitney invented the Cotton Gin in and also the system of making rifles out of interchangeable parts during optin War of SIG--Whitney is important because cotton was the principal cash crop of the South in the opgion, and his invention of the cotton gin made cotton more profitable, and therefore, more slaves were purchased as laborers.

Also, the Interchangeable Parts system became the method of mass production in the Northern factories. The Peculiar Institution is Slavery and its I. SIG--Slavery and the Peculiar Institution are important mainly to the history of America because of the great conflict and arguments that Slavery caused between the states. It was mainly because of slavery that the Civil War broke out. Stono Rebellion, ID--Innearly black slaves met near the Stono River in South Carolina and raided a nearby store, taking guns and powder.

They then attempted to escape to Florida, where freedom was promised to runaway slaves. However, the rebellion was suppressed and over 50 blacks were killed. SIG--This rebellion was important because darly after it, inthe Negro Act was passed in South Carolina. This act put many limitations and restrictions on the rights and privileges of slaves.

Gabriel Prosser Revolt ID--Ina slave named Gabriel Prosser planned an uprising to force Virginia to free black slaves and demanded economic equality. The revolt was planned for August 30,but it was delayed because of a heavy storm. However, 2 slaves revealed the plan to their master and Gabriel and many others were hanged. SIG--This revolt, along with many other slave revolts, were not quite successful, but they did show to many the evils of slavery.

This vbs input box options 3 supported be important as time progressed. Denmark Earyl Conspiracy ID--Denmark Vesey was a black freedman living in South Carolina. He planned a slave a,erican in that involved many blacks. He planned to assault Charleston on July 14th, however, 2 slaves informed their owners and the Rebels were trialed. Vesey and 34 others were hanged on July 2, SIG--This "Conspiracy" was much like the other attempts by slaves to americn and revolt.

This was important because it began to make the whites in the South nervous and even a little scared of the slave revolt plots. Nat Turner's Rebellion ID--Nat Turner, a black preacher in Southampton, Virginia, led the most famous slave revolt in U. InTurner and ootion other slaves freed themselves after killing 60 Virginian whites.

The Virginia militia caught and hanged 20 rebels, including Nat Turner. SIG--This rebellion was important because it led the whites in the South to murder many innocent slaves in acts of revenge. This would contribute to the growth of tension between those "For Slavery" and those "Against Slavery. There were many laws and groups made to help bring an end to slavery, including: the Liberty Party, the American Colonization Society, the American Antislavery Society, the Tallmadge Agreement, the Liberator, Uncle Tom's Cabin, etc.

SIG--Abolitionism was an important movement in the history of the U. This movement fought against slavery for a long time and is still apparent in today's world. American Anti-Slavery Society ID--The American Anti-Slavery Society was the society founded in by William Lloyd Garrison and other abolitionists that performed more radical actions involving the abolition of slavery. For example, the group burned the U. Constitution and called it a pro-slavery document. SIG-- This society was important because it displayed the more violent side of the abolitionist movement.

It got so crazy ameircan an early follower of William L. Garrison known as Frederick Douglass converted to supporting both political and direct action to end slavery. They were born in Charleston, South Carolina and were among the first women to act publicly in social reform movements. They began as advocates of abolitionism and then became activists in the women's rights movement. SIG--These women were important because they were early advocates of women's rights and abolitionism.

They resented the way men gave them inferior roles in society and in the movement. This brought about the greater, more complex Women's Rights Movement. Frederick Douglass ID--Frederick Douglass was born in in Maryland. He was indeed a slave, but after he escaped from slavery, Douglass became a prominent leader in aamerican abolitionist movement. He was an outstanding orator and writer. He had once been a follower of Garrison, but he changed to a more political approach on ending slavery.

Inhe started the antislavery journal The North Star. SIG--Douglass was important to the abolitionist movement because he provided first-hand accounts of slavery and was a convincing critic of slavery. He spoke about the brutality and degradation of slavery from his personal experience. Underground Railroad ID--The Underground Railroad was a metaphorical railroad in that it helped transport enslaved African Americans from the South to the North.

It was a network which consisted of secret routes and safe houses which were used by slaves escaping to the North. SIG--This "Railroad" was important because it really showed the effects of abolitionism. For example, the enslaved Harriet Tubman, and Sojourner Truth, and Frederick Douglass all held an active role in the emancipation of slaves and the Underground Railroad was a way of showing their support.

Gag Resolution ID-- The Gag Resolution was something done by Pro-southerner Congressmen and it was a heavily enforced law that was enacted to stop people from talking about slavery in the sessions. It was enacted in by Congress. SIG-- The Gag Resolution was important because it limited the talk of slavery in Congress and it also helped secure the South's approval of slavery. Fugitive Slave Law ID--The Fugitive Slave Law was adopted in the Compromise of in order ecercise persuade the South to accept the admission of California as a free state.

This law was even resisted by antislavery Northerners. The South used this law in order to punish runaway slaves and even citizens that aided exercsie fugitive slaves in their escape. SIG-- This Law was important because it was made in an effort to decrease pkt bad feelings between the North and South, but it was no that successful. This law, in fact, aggravated some Northerners and it also gave the Southerners more control and demand over their slaves.

However, this law was most important because it can be linked to the Underground Railroad and the people that helped runaway slaves. Dred Scott case ID-- Dred Scott had been a slave in Missouri and then was taken to Wisconsin, a free territory. In Wisconsin, Scott lived for two years before going back to Missouri. Scott went to a Missouri court and sued for his freedom, arguing that he was a free citizen after living on free soil.

The case made it to the Supreme Court where southern Democrat Roger Taney was Chief Justice. The majority of the Court decided against Dred Scott. SIG-- The Supreme Court's decision in this case was the most important part of the entire issue. After its decision, the Supreme Court declared that all parts of the western territories were open to slavery. The Northerners were suspicious of the Democrats.

African American soldiers ID-- After Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation Januarys of s of southern blacks walked away from slavery to find the protection of the Union armies. Nearlyblacks served in the Union army and navy. Of course, the African Americans were put optino all-black units. One of these units was the Massachusetts 54th Regiment, which allowed many black troops to gain the respect of northern white soldiers.

SIG-- The role of African Americans in the Civil War was very important because they contributed to the Union's advantage over the South which was that they had more troops. Also, African American troops were able to show their fighting abilities and able to gain respect on the battlefield. They were basically fighting for their own freedom. Emancipation Proclamation ID-- On January 1,President Abraham Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation. This stated that all slaves in the states at war with the Union would be "then, thenceforward, and forever free.

It allowed slavery to continue in the border states. With its issuance, the war was now being fought against slavery, not just secession and rebellion. It also allowed slaves to fight on exerfise side of the Union army and fight for their freedom. The 13th Amendment abolished slavery. The 14th Amendment included the Privileges or Immunities Clause, Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses; it granted former slaves citizenship.

The 15th Amendment gave African Americans the right to vote. SIG-- The Civil War Amendments were significant to the post-Civil War era because they freed slaves, granted them citizenship, and gave them voting rights. The status of African Americans increased due to these Amendments. Freedman's Bureau ID-- The Freedman's Bureau was a U.

Federal Government Agency that helped freed slaves after the Civil War. Freedman's Bureau aided former slaves by providing them with food, shelter, and medical attention. It was created in March and, under the operation of Oliver Howard, lasted from to SIG-- The Freedman's Bureau was an important agency of the early Reconstruction period. Ultimately undermined by southern hostility, northern fatigue. It provided for earlt and this, of course, angered a majority of the white southerners.

It was eventually disbanded by President Grant in Black Codes ID-- Black Codes were adopted by the southern state legislatures; they restricted the rights and movements of Ninjatrader license key for sale freed African Americans. SIG-- Black Codes were important because they imposed the same restrictions that had been on slaves on rxercise newly freed blacks.

Under these Black Codes, things were not much different from the ways of Slavery. KKK ID-- The Ku Klux Klan was a secret society of southern whites whose objective was to intimidate blacks and white reformers. The KKK was founded in by Nathaniel Bedford Forrest in Tennessee. SIG-- The formation and actions of the Ku Klux Klan was important because it showed the southern whites' hatred toward blacks and white reformers. The KKK did exercise american put option early 1960s things to freedmen.

Force Acts Enforcement Acts ID-- The Enforcement Acts, which gave power to federal authorities to stop KKK violence, was created to protect the civil rights of citizens in the South. The 1st Force Act was in and the 2nd was in SIG-- The Force Acts showed disregard toward the Ku Klux Klan and its actions. These Acts created worse punishments for KKK actions.

Compromise of ID-- After exdrcise incident with the votes of South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana inexercise american put option early 1960s deal was worked out between the Democrats and the Republicans. It said that Rutherford B. Hayes would be president if he would 1 immediately end federal support for the Republicans in the South, and 2 support the building of a southern transcontinental railroad. SIG-- The significance of the Compromise of is that it officially brought an end to Reconstruction.

Also, it removed all the federal troops from eatly South. These were around exercise american put option early 1960s about and they were in the southern states. Exercize The grandfather clauses were important ophion they gave a large number of African Americans the right to vote. Jim Crow laws were a wave of segregation laws that were adopted by southern states. They began in and lasted 196s0 the way until These Exercise american put option early 1960s Crow laws segregated nearly all public places.

SIG-- These Jim Crow laws were important because despite the equal rights, blacks were being discriminated against by optjon southern whites. There were hardly any public places that weren't restricted due to race. Lynching was the extrajudicial execution carried out by a mob. Lynching, in the time period we're studying, most often happened to blacks. SIG-- Lynching is important because it showed how little southern whites cared for blacks; they didn't have a problem with mobs executing them.

Nearly 3, blacks were lynched in the United States between and optjon Washington ID-- Booker T. Washington was former slave that graduated from Hampton Institute. Washington's goal was to teach southern African Americans skilled trades, virtues of hard work, moderation, etc. Washington is important because he developed the largest and best-known industrial best trading videos in the nation in Tuskegee, Alabama. His approach was criticized by many.

Ferguson, ID-- Plessy v. Ferguson is a Supreme Court decision that confirmed the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities. This case took place in and it involved Homer Plessy's arrest SIG-- The Plessy v. Ferguson case was important because it established the "Separate 1960e equal" concept. Also, this case's decision allowed the aemrican of racial segregation.

Du Exercise american put option early 1960s ID-- W. Du Bois was a famous American civil rights activist. He was born in Exercisse in Du Bois was most famous for being the leader of the Niagara Movement. He also wrote a book titled The Souls of Black Folkwhich demanded equal rights for African Americans. Du Bois is important because he had a different approach compared to Booker T. Du Bois had more of a stress on civil rights, whereas Washington stressed on economics. Niagara Movement ID-- InW.

Du Bois met with a group of black intellectuals in Niagara Opion, Canada. They discussed a program of protest aimed at securing equal rights for blacks. This group later became known exercise american put option early 1960s the Niagara Movement. SIG-- The Niagara Movement was important because a few years after it development, the Niagara Movement joined others to become the NAACP, whose mission was to abolish all forms of segregation and increase the educational opportunities for black children.

It was ratified, approved, by the states on December 6, Affirmative Action A policy in educational admissions or job hiring that gives special attention or compensatory treatment to traditionally disadvantaged groups in an effort to overcome present effects of americab discrimination. Louis Armstrong Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a single payment options trading spot nuvo trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians Birmingham, Ootion City Dr.

MLK and other protesters were amedican which prompted Kennedy to prepare a new civil rights bill. Often referred to as Bombingham because of all the violence. Busing In the context of civil rights, the transportation of public school students from areas where they live to schools in other areas to eliminate exercisw segregation based on residential patterns. Civil Rights Act of The first civil rights law since Reconstruction. What created the Civil Rights Commission and a special division within the Justice Department that could fight against those preventing people from voting?

Civil Rights Act of The law that made racial discrimination against any group in hotels, motels, and restaurants illegal and forbade many forms of job discrimination. It also made the desegregation process more orderly and peaceful. Black Panthers A black political organization that was against peaceful protest and for violence if needed.

African Americans should arm themselves; favoring militant ideals rather than peaceful protest; confront white society De Jure Segregation Racial segregation that occurs because of laws of administrative decisions by public agencies. Orval Faubus Arkansas governor who called out the National Guard to prevent nine black students from entering Little Rock's Central High School under federal court order.

Great Society What was the name of President Lyndon Johnson's vision where poverty and racial injustice would be eliminated, and economic opportunity would be available for all. Mississippi Freedom Summer 1, college student volunteers assisted blacks in registering to vote, and organizing "Freedom Schools". Also taught African-American history and emphasized African-American self-worth. LBJ He exercisr the president who signed into law, The Civil Rights Act of and the Voting Rights Act of Montgomery Bus Boycott protest in by African Americans against racial segregation in bus system of Montgomery, Alabama.

Response of African Americans after the arrest of Rosa Parks; lasted more than a year. NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Separate But Equal Doctrine The doctrine holding that separate-but-equal facilities do not violate the opgion protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U. Voting Rights Act of law guaranteed all Americans the right to vote. It allowed the federal government to intervene in elections in order to ensure that minorities could vote.

It restricted literacy and character tests in specific cases. Reverse Discrimination Discrimination against individuals who are not members of a minority group. Kennedy moved slowly in this domestic issue because he needed the support of southern legislators to pass his economic and americn legislation. Desegregation This was not received with open arms in the South and, in fact, some Southern states flatly refused.

It took court orders, federal legislation, threats of federal force, demonstrations, busing, and threats of withdrawals of federal money for the process to make considerable gains. Black Power Term for the more militant faction of civil rights groups that sprang up in the late s. These groups stressed forceful resistance to White oppression and advocated separation from White society rather than integration.

Slogan stood for emphasizing African-American distinctiveness; exercising their political and economic rights; black control of black communities; and pride in black identity and can i trading after hours dow. Montgomery, Alabama City in which there was a successful boycott in response to Rosa Parks being arrested. Segregation the separation or isolation of a race, class, or ethnic group by enforced or voluntary residence in a restricted area, by barriers to social intercourse, by separate educational facilities, or by other discriminatory means Rosa Parks NAACP officer, took a seat in the front row of the the "colored" section of a Montgomery bus, then refused to move exerccise a white man Refused to give up her seat to a white passenger.

After she was jailed, the Montgomery bus boycott was organized. Nation of Islam A religion that believed in a racial interpretation of Islam and African Americans unity led by Elijah Muhammad. SNCC The Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee set up by Martin Luther King Jr as a youth arm of the SCLC. Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, college kids participate in Civil Rights, stage sit-ins Thurgood Marshall Leading attorney for NAACP in s and s, who headed the team in Brown vs.

Board of Education case; later, Lyndon Johnson appointed him the first black justice on the United States Supreme Court. SCLC Southern Christian Leadership Conference Encourages African-Americans to register to vote. Martin Luther King Jr. De Facto Segregation separation of the races which occurs because of tradition or custom and not because of laws Fannie Lou Hamer Voting rights activist and civil rights leader.

Instrumental in organizing Mississippi Freedom Summer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee SNCC Malcolm X Black Muslim leader who said Blacks needed to have separate society from whites, African-Americans should be proud of their blackness and their African roots; and African-American should control their own destinies. He was assassinated in Stokely Carmichael Inas chair of SNCC, he called to assert Black Power. Supporting the Black Panthers, he was against integration.

Nonviolent Passive Resistance Dr. MLK believed this was fxcm metatrader 5 on metatrader only moral way to end segregation and racism. Watts Riot During the summer ofwhat occurred in an African-American ghetto of Los Angeles and left more than 30 dead and 1, wounded? Was the first of hundreds of race riots that occurred during the mid to late s. These riots followed slow progress in civil rights legislation, which caused frustration and disillusionment.

Kerner Commission Nation Advisory Commission on civil Disorders, blamed riots on an "explosive mixture" of poverty, slum housing, poor education, and exerfise brutality caused by "white racism". Advised federal spending to create new jobs for urban blacks, construct additional public housing, and end de facto school segregation in the North Mohandas Gandhi Dr. Freedom Riders Civil rights activists who rod buses through earlh south in the early s to challenge segregation.

JFK eventually sent Federal Marshals to protect due to KKK infiltration of Sourthern police forces. Bloody Sunday Police violence against protesters in Selma, Alabama in March of Selma March to promote voting rights for African Americans; "march for freedom", Bloody Sunday. Greensboro, North Carolina City where the sit-in at Woolworth's sparked a new mass movement for civil rights.

Earl Warren Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for Brown v. Board of Education decision. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. He opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. This amendment outlawed taxing voters at presidential or congressional elections, as an effort to remove barriers to Black voters. Zora Neale Hurston woman who made it to the top of African- American literary society by hard work, flamboyance, and grit.

Many of her writings portrayed the lives of poor, unschooled Southern blacks. In additon, much of her work celebrated what she called the common person's art form Black is Beautiful slogan which called for the recognition of the cultural achievements of African Americans. This slogan has its roots in the Harlem Renaissance NAACP National Associaion for the Advancement of Colored People. Founded in to improve living conditions for inner city Blacks, evolved into a national organization dedicated to establishing equal legal rights for Blacks W.

He also used the NAACP's magazine as a platform for leading a struggle for civil rights name and magazine James Weldon Johnson poet, lawyer, and NAACP executive secretary. He used the organization to fight for legislation to protect African-American rights main priority was working to pass anti-lynching laws Marcus Garvey a Jamaican immigrant who believed that African Americans should build a separate society. He founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association UNIA and gained many followers.

He encouraged his followers to return to Africa, to help native people over throw white colonial oppressors. His movement died down when he was convicted of mail fraud and jailed, however, he still left behind a powerful legacy of black pride Universal Negro Improvement Association Association founded by Marcus Garvey in to foster African American economic independence and establish an independent black homeland in Africa Claude McKay a novelist, poet, and Jamaican immigrant who was a major figure during the Harlem Renaissance.

His verses urged African Americans to resist prejudice and discrimination. His poems also expressed the pain of life in the black ghettos and the strain of being black in a world dominated by whites Langston Hughes African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music.

He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance Paul Robeson An outstanding athlete, student, singer, and actor who criticized American capitalism and discriminatory. He complained about the economic and political discrimination faced by blacks. Spent most of his time outside of the US because he did not feel welcomed there Cotton Club a speakeasie where blacks played, but could not be apart of the audience.

One of the most famous Harlem nightspots where "Duke" Ellington got his start "Duke" Ellington Born in Chicago middle class. Composer, pianist and band leader. Most influential figures in jazz Cab Calloway a talented drummer, saxophonist, and singer, who formed an important jazz orchestra, which played at Harlem's Savoy Ballroom and the Cotton Club. Hi-De-Ho Song Bessie Smith a female blues singer, who was one of the most famous vocalists of the decade.

She recorded on black oriented labels produced by major record companies. She achieved popularity and in became the highest-paid black artist in the world White Primary A state primary election that restricts voting to whites only. Outlawed by the Supreme Court in Civil Disobedience A nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws. Garrison began publishing The Liberator in and founded the American Antislavery Society in SIG--Garrison is important to American history because of his influence on the abolitionist movement.

He is said to have been the motivation for Nat Turner's rebellion and many whites did not like him. His aggressive attitude toward abolishing slavery led even the antislavery reformers to split amerifan from best forex trading methods for beginners zen violent actions and protest more politically. Frederick Douglas - escaped from slavery disguised as a sailor -joined massachusetts antislavery society -powerful speaker -edited stock trading tips belajar newspaper north star -insisted african americans receive freedom and full equality American Colonization Society ID--Inthe American Colonization Society was founded.

It was created by antislavery reformers with moderate views and also exerciee politicians. It was necessary mainly because of many white's racist attitudes against free blacks in the U. Therefore, inthe A. SIG--This group was important because it advocated sending freed blacks to a colony in Africa in order to prevent racist actions by the whites. However, this colonization was not a great option and did not work for long. Harriet Tubman born in Maryland from Old Rit, ran away inand helped over slaves find freedom Levi Coffin president of Underground Railroad, coordinated escape routes and people amegican harbor slaves Sojourner Truth ID--Isabella Baumfree, also known as Sojourner Truth, was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist.

She was born into slavery in New York inbut escaped to freedom in She helped recruit black troops for the Union during the Civil War. SIG--Sojourner Truth was important because she was once a slave and dedicated her life to helping other slaves gain more freedom and rights. Fxercise Turner slave who led a violent rebellion against owners Harriet Beecher Stowe ID-- Harriet Pu Stowe was a northern writer that published the most influential book of her time.

InAmwrican published the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin. This novel is about the conflict between Tom, a slave, and his brutal white owner, Simon League. SIG-- This book, even though it is just a book, had an incredibly large impact on the country during the midth century. This book created the interpretation that all slave-owners were monsters and cruel beings; while Southerners believed that the North was just out to get them.

This book definitely contributed to the start of the Civil War. Henry "Box" Brown slave that shipped himself in a box to the North to escape slavery "Peg Leg" Joe sang songs to the slaves in code to help them escape John Brown ID--John Brown was a stern abolitionist from Connecticut that was involved in several raids. InBrown led his sons on an warly on a pro-slavery farm esrly massacred five people. In Brown led an unsuccessful raid on the Harpers Ferry armory in Virginia.

SIG-- This raid by John Brown was interpreted by the South as the North's plan-- to use slave revolts to destroy the South. This increased the tension and turmoil between the North and the South. The raid also confirmed the South's fears of radical exercise american put option early 1960s. Executed by the US for treason.

Became a hero in the North, Southerners feared others would opttion. Black Muslims A religion that believed in a racial interpretation of Islam and African Americans unity led by Elijah Muhammad. Preached black nationalism, separatism, and self-improvement. Board of Education Stated in that it was unconstitutional to maintain separate black and white schools culmination of the NAACP's campaign to desegregate schools.

Ferguson Harlem Renaissance a period in the s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished Harry S. Truman President that desegregated the military March on Washington, In Augustcivil rights leaders organized a massive rally in Washington to urge passage of Exercise american put option early 1960s Kennedy's civil rights bill. The high point came when MLK Jr. Marchers sang songs such as "We Shall Overcome. It focused public attention on the cause and helped influence Kennedy's decision to support civil rights legislation.

An African-American Civil Right's Activist who was peaceful. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his cause. He was assassinated in in Tennessee Eldridge Cleaver preached the doctrine of Black Power in s; wrote Soul on Ice; Leader of Black Panthers Marion Barry Founding member of SNCC, participated in the Nashville lunch counter protests. C CORE Congress of Racial Equality.

First civil rights organization to use non-violent tactics to promote racial equality and desegregation; sit-ins Voter Education Project Project of the SNCC where volunteers went to rural areas in the Deep South to register African Americans to vote. Elijah Muhammad became the leader of the Nation of Islam during early s and preached the message of black nationalism Memphis, Tennessee City where Dr. Little Rock, Arkansas City where, for the first time since the Civil War, a state's armed forces were used to oppose the federal government.

Reconstruction the reorganization and rebuilding of the former Confederate states after the Civil War. In effect until exercise american put option early 1960s, when Civil Rights Act nullified them. Gave freed slaves some new rights such as right to marry. Mainly restricted rights exerckse freed slaves to move, own property, and choose employer.

Often confused with Jim Crow laws, which dealt mainly with social segregation. To end separation of kption races and bring into equal membership in society. Sharecropping is where a landlord provides the amefican for farming and the laborer gives the landlord a share of the harvest. SIG--Sharecropping was important because it allowed poor whites the opportunity to work a piece of land for themselves.

However, sharecroppers had to work for landowners and usually remained in debt. Sharecropping became a ameriican of servitude. Many southern states passed poll taxes during Jim Crow era as a tool to disenfranchise black voters. Disproportionately affected black southerners, who were more likely to be poor The Twenty-fourth Amendment to the Constitution outlawed the poll tax in national elections, and inthe Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional in state elections as well.

Nullified by Voting Rights Act of Exempted from voting requirements any citizen whose grandfather had been eligible to vote before Since only whites could vote beforeunfairly disadvantaged black voters. Protected illiterate and poor whites from disenfranchisement. Jim Crow Laws Term first coined in s. Originally referred to a comedic slave character played by white minstrel performer Thomas "Daddy" Rice. By early 20th century, term came to describe system of segregation that kept blacks and whites separate in public spaces.

For example, in the South, Blacks had separate drinking fountains and bathrooms from Whites. Abraham Lincoln First-ever Republican President of the United States, elected in Oversaw Union victory in Civil War; issued Emancipation Proclamation in Barely began Presidential Reconstruction before americab assassinated, Radical Republicans Republicans in Congress who sought to use federal power to ensure equal treatment under the law for all races through Reconstruction.

Hated President Johnson's willingness to compromise with conservative southerners. Leading figures were Sen. Thaddeus Stevens ID-- Thaddeus Stevens was a Representative of Pennsylvania that hoped to revolutionize southern society through an extended period of military rule. Exrcise said that blacks should be free to exercise their civil rights, educated in schools operated by the federal government, and receive lands confiscated from the planter-elites SIG-- Thaddeus Stevens was important because he believed that Congress had the power to readmit states into the Union and that former slaves should be provided for.

He was a Radical Republican and he opposed the ideas of Johnson. Ku Klux Xeercise Secret white supremacist terrorist organization. Attacked blacks, Republicans, northerners, foreigners, Catholics, Jews in South. Blacks especially targeted for success or for trying to vote. Best currency pairs forex trading x times after Ku Klux Klan Act of ; recreated in twentieth century.

Hayes Republican President of the United States. Fought in Civil War; supported Radical Reconstruction while in Congress. Elected as part of the Qmerican of Withdrew federal troops from South thus ending ReconstructionHiram Revels an African American who served in the Senate representing Mississippi, he was the nation's first black momentum metatrader 4 inhe completed the unfinished term of former Confederate president, Jefferson Davis Blanche K.

Bruce an African American politician. Bruce represented Mississippi as a U. Senator from to and was the first black to serve a full term in the Senate. National Urban League Interracial association which worked to solve social problems facing African Americans who lived in the cities especially with the increasing numbers coming to the cities for a better life from the south James Meredith A young African American air force veteran who inattempted to enroll in the University of Mississippi.

A fed court guaranteed his right to attend; in addition, Kennedy sent in federal marshals and troops to control mob violence exercise american put option early 1960s Meredith attended class. Jackie Robinson The first African American player in the major league of baseball. His actions helped to bring about other opportunities for African Americans.

In he sent federal troops to Little Rock, to enforce the Supreme Court decision to desegregate schools. Important because it showed the Fed Govt was willing and ready to enforce court decisions on integration. Flickr Creative Commons Images Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.

Thurgood Marshall Mohandas Gandhi "Duke" Ellington Cab Calloway Bessie Smith William Lloyd Garrison Frederick Douglas American Colonization Society Levi Coffin Sojourner Truth Harriet Beecher Stowe John Brown Brown v. Board of Education Harlem Renaissance Harry S. Truman March on Washington, Elijah Muhammad sharecropping Thaddeus Stevens Ku Klux Klan Rutherford B.

Hayes Exerdise Meredith Jackie Robinson Dwight D Eisenhower QWait 'Quizlet.

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GPU acceleration of the stochastic grid bundling method for early - exercise options. Authors: Álvaro Leitao: Centrum Wiskunde. Video embedded  · Find out more about the history of HUAC, Subjects of HUAC investigations had the option of invoking their By the late s and early s, HUAC. Using the techniques of financial engineering, is equivalent to an American put option. In an early article.

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