Html output option template access report export zipcode
This section is designed to be the PTES technical guidelines that help define certain procedures to follow during a penetration test. Something to be aware of is that these are only baseline methods that have been used in the industry. They will need to be continuously updated and changed upon by the community as well as within your own standard. Guidelines are just that, something to drive you in a direction and help during certain scenarios, but not an all encompassing set of instructions on how to perform a penetration test.
Think outside of the box. Selecting the tools required during a penetration test depends on several factors such as the type and the depth of the engagement. In general terms, the following tools are mandatory to complete a penetration test with the expected results. Selecting the operating platforms to use during a penetration test is often critical to the successfully exploitation of a network and associated system. As such it is a requirement to have the ability to use the three major operating systems at one time.
This is not possible without virtualization. MacOS X is a BSD-derived operating. With standard command shells such as shcshand bash and native network utilities that can be used during a penetration test including telnetftprpcinfosnmpwalkhostand dig it is the system of choice and is the underlying host system for our penetration testing tools. Since this is a hardware platform as well, this makes the selection of specific hardware extremely simple and ensures that all tools will work as designed.
VMware Workstation is an absolute requirement to allow multiple instances of operating systems easily on a workstation. VMware Workstation is a fully supported commercial package, and offers encryption capabilities and snapshot capabilities that are not available in the free versions available from VMware. Without the ability to encrypt the data collected on a VM confidential information will be at risk, therefore versions that do not support encryption are not to be used.
The operating systems listed below should be run as a guest system within VMware. Linux is the choice of most security html output option template access report export zipcode. The Linux platform is versatile, and the system kernel provides low-level support for leading-edge technologies and protocols. All mainstream IP-based attack and penetration tools can be built and run under Linux with no problems.
For this reason, BackTrack is the platform of choice as it comes with all the tools required to perform a penetration test. Many commercial tools or Microsoft specific network assessment and penetration tools are available that run cleanly on the platform. A Frequency Counter should cover from 10Hz- html output option template access report export zipcode GHz.
A good example of a reasonably priced frequency counter is the MFJ Frequency Counter. A scanner is a radio receiver that can automatically tune, or scan, two or more discrete frequencies, stopping when it finds a signal on one of them and then continuing to scan other frequencies when the initial transmission ceases. These are not to be used in Florida, Kentucky, or Minnesota unless you are a person who holds html output option template access report export zipcode current amateur radio license issued by the Federal Communications Commission.
The required hardware is the Uniden BCDT Bearcat Handheld Digital Scanner or PSR GRE Digital trunking scanner. A spectrum analyzer is a device used to examine the spectral composition of some electrical, acoustic, or optical waveform. A spectrum analyzer is used to determine whether or not a wireless transmitter is working according to federally defined standards and is used to determine, by direct observation, the bandwidth of a digital or analog signal. A good example of a reasonably priced spectrum analyzer is the Kaltman Creations HF RF Spectrum Analyzer.
There are several issues with using something other than the approved USB adapter as not all of them support the required functions. The required hardware is the Alfa AWUSNH mW High Gain External antennas come in a variety of shapes, based upon the usage and with a variety of connectors. All external antennas must have RP-SMA connectors that are compatible with the Alfa. Since the Alfa comes with an Omni-directional antenna, we need to obtain a directional antenna.
The best choice is a panel antenna as it provides the capabilities required in a package that travels well. The required hardware is the L-com 2. A good magnetic mount Omni-directional antenna such as the L-com 2. A GPS is a necessity to properly perform an RF assessment. Without this it's simply impossible to determine where and how far RF signals are propagating.
There are numerous options are available, therefore you should look to obtain a USB GPS that is supported on operating system that you are using be that Linux, Windows and Mac OS X. The software requirements are based upon the engagement scope, however we've listed some commercial and open source software that could be required to properly conduct a full penetration test. Intelligence Gathering is the phase where data or "intelligence" is gathered to assist in guiding the assessment actions. At the broadest level this intelligence gathering includes information about employees, facilities, products and plans.
Within a larger picture this intelligence will include potentially secret or private "intelligence" of a competitor, or information that is otherwise relevant to the target. Open Source Intelligence OSINT in the simplest of terms is locating, and analyzing publically open available sources of information. The key component here is that this intelligence gathering process has a goal of producing current and relevant information that is valuable to either an attacker or competitor.
For the most part, OSINT is more than simply performing web searches using various sources. Information on a particular target should include information regarding the legal entity. Most states within the US require Corporations, limited liability companies and limited partnerships to file with the State division. This information may contain information regarding shareholders, members, officers or other persons involved in the target entity. Often the first step in OSINT is to identify the physical locations of the target corporation.
This information might be readily available for publically known or published locations, but not quite so easy for more secretive sites. Public sites can often be location by using search engines such as: As part of identifying the physical location it is important to note if the location is an individual building or simply a suite in a larger facility.
It is important to attempt to identify neighboring businesses as well as common areas. Once the physical locations have been identified, it is useful to identify the actual property owner s. This can either be an individual, group, or corporation. If the target corporation does not own the property then they may be limited in what they can physically do to enhance or improve the physical location.
The information recorded and level of transparency varies greatly by jurisdiction. Land and tax records within the United States are typically handled at the county level. Then switching over to Google you can use a query such as "XXXX county tax records", "XXXX county recording office" or "XXXX county assessor" and that should lead you to a searchable online database if one exists.
If it does not exist, you can still call the county recording office and request that they fax you specific records if you have an idea of what you are looking for. For some assessments, it might make sense to go a step further and query the local building department for additional information. Depending on the city, the target's site might be under county or city jurisdiction. Typically that can be determined by a call to either entity. Buried in that information might be names of contracting firms, engineers, architects and more.
All of which could be used with a tool such as SET. In most cases, a phone call will be required to obtain any of this information but most building departments are happy to hand it out to anyone who asks. Here is a possible pretext you could use to obtain floor plans: You could call up and say that you are an architectural consultant who has been hired to design a remodel or addition to the building and it would help the process go much smoother if you could get a copy of the original plans.
Identifying any target business data center locations via either the corporate website, public filings, land records or via a search engine can provide additional potential targets. Identifying the time zones that the target operates in provides valuable information regarding the hours of operation. It is also significant to understand the relationship between the target time zone and that of the assessment team. A time zone map is often useful as a reference when conducting any test.
TimeZone Map Identifying any recent or future offsite gatherings or parties via either the corporate website or via a search engine can provide valuable insight into the corporate culture of a target. It is often common practice for businesses to have offsite gatherings not only for employees, but also for business partners and customers. Collecting this data could provide insight into potential items of interest to an attacker. Identifying the target business products and any significant data related to such launches via the corporate website, new releases or via a search engine can provide valuable insight into the internal workings of a target.
Publicly available information includes, but is not limited to, foreign language documents, radio and television broadcasts, Internet sites, and public speaking. Significant company dates can provide insight into potential days where staff may be on alert higher than normal. This could be due to potential corporate meetings, board meetings, investor meetings, or corporate anniversary.
Normally, businesses that observe various holidays have a significantly reduced staff and therefore targeting may prove to be much more difficult during these periods. Within every target it is critical that you identify and document the top positions within the organization. This is critical to ensure that the resulting report is targeting the correct audience.
At a minimum, key employees should be identified as part of html output option template access report export zipcode engagement. Understanding the organizational structure is important, not only to understand the depth of the structure, but also the breadth. If the organization is extremely large, it is possible that new staff or personnel could go undetected.
In smaller organizations, the likelihood is not as great. Getting a good picture of this structure can also provide insight into the functional groups. This information can be useful in determining internal targets. Identifying corporate communications either via the corporate website or a job search engine can provide valuable insight into the internal workings of a target. Marketing communications are often used to make corporate announcements regarding currently, or future product releases, and partnerships.
Communications regarding the targets involvement in litigation can provide insight into potential threat agent or data of interest. Communications involving corporate transactions may be indirect response to a marketing announcement or lawsuit. Searching current job openings or postings via either the corporate website or via a job search engine can provide valuable insight into the internal workings of a target.
It is often common practice to include information regarding currently, or future, technology implementations. Several Job Search Engines exist that can be queried for information regarding the target. Identifying the targets logical relationships is critical to understand more about how the business operates. Publicly available information should be leveraged to determine the target business relationship with vendors, business partners, law firms, etc.
This is often available via news releases, corporate web sites target and vendorsand potentially via industry related forums. Identifying any target business charity affiliations via either the corporate website or via a search engine can provide valuable insight into the internal workings and potentially the corporate culture of a target. It is often common practice for businesses to make charitable donations to various organizations. Identifying business partners is critical to gaining insight into not only the corporate culture of a target, but also potentially technologies being used.
It is often common practice for businesses to announce partnership agreements. Identifying competitors can provide a window into potential adversaries. It is not uncommon for competitors to announce news that could impact the target. These could range from new hires, product launches, and even partnership agreements.
Justforex login natura this data is important to fully understand any potential corporate hostility. It is even possible to determine an employee's corporate knowledge or prestige. Identifying an employee's tone and frequency of postings can be a critical indicator of a disgruntled employee as well as the corporate acceptance of social networking. While time consuming it is possible to establish an employee's work schedule and vacation periods.
Most social networking sites offer the ability to include geolocation information in postings. This information can be useful in identifying exactly where the person was physically located when a posting was made. In addition, it is possible that geolocation information is included in images that are uploaded to social networking sites. It is possible that the user may be savy enough to turn this off, however, sometimes it's just as simple as reading a post that indicates exactly where they're located.
The information is presented in a map inside the application where all the retrieved data is shown accompanied with relevant information i. Gathering email addresses while seemingly useless can provide us with valuable information about the target environment. It can provide information about potential naming conventions as well as potential targets for later use. There are many tools that can be used to gather email addresses, Maltego for example. Paterva Maltego is used to automate the task of information gathering.
Maltego is an open source intelligence and forensics application. Essentially, Maltego is a data mining and information-gathering tool that maps the information gathered into a format that is easily understood and manipulated. It saves you time by automating tasks such as email harvesting and mapping subdomains. The documentation of Maltego is relatively sparse so we are including the procedures necessary to obtain the data required.
Once you have started Maltego, the main interface should be visible. The six main areas of the interface are the toolbar, the Palette, graph view area, overview area, the detailed area, and the property area. To start, look to the very html output option template access report export zipcode left-hand corner of Maltego and click the "new graph" button. After that, drag the "domain" item out of the palette onto the graph.
The graph area allows you to process the transforms as well as view the data in either the mining view, dynamic view, edge weighted view as well as the entity list. When you first add the domain icon to your graph, it will default to "paterva. Now you are ready to start mining. Right click or double-click on the domain icon and from "run transform" select the "To Website DNS[using search engine]".
This will hopefully result in all of the subdomains for your target showing up. Select all of the subdomains and run the "To IP Address [DNS] transform". This should resolve html output option template access report export zipcode of the subdomains to their respective IP Addresses. From this point you could chose a couple different paths depending on the size of your target but a logical next step is to determine the netblocks so run the "To Netblock [Using natural boundaries]" transform.
After this point, you should be able to use your imagination as to where to go next. You will be able to cultivate phone numbers, email addresses, geo location information and much more by using the transforms provided. The Palette contains all the transforms that are available or activated for use. As of this writing, there are approximately 72 transforms. One limitation of the "Community Edition" of Maltego is that any given transform will only return 12 results whereas the professional version doesn't have any limitations.
Resist the temptation to run "all transforms" since this will likely overload you with data and inhibit your ability to drill down to the most interesting pieces of data that are relevant to your engagement. Maltego is not just limited to the pre-engagement portion of your pentest. TheHarvester is a tool, written by Christian Martorella, that can be used to gather e-mail accounts and subdomain names from different public sources search engines, pgp key servers.
Is a really simple tool, but very effective. TheHarvester will search the specified data source and return the results. This should be added to the OSINT document for use at a later stage. NetGlub is an open source tool that is very similar to Maltego. NetGlub is a data mining and information-gathering tool that presents the information gathered in a format that is easily understood.
The documentation of NetGlub is nonexistent at the moment so we are including the procedures necessary to obtain the data required. Installing NetGlub is not a trivial task, but one that can be accomplished by running the following: At this point we're going to use a GUI installation of the QT-SDK. If you use a different path, then you will need to update the paths in the script below to reflect that difference.
Note that during the QT-SDK installation we are reminded for external dependencies, so make sure we run "apt-get install libglib2. Once you have installed NetGlub, you'll probably be interested in running it. This is really a four step process:. Ensure that MySQL is running: Now the main interface should be visible.
If you are familiar with Maltego, then you will feel right at home with the interface. The six main areas of the interface are the toolbar, the Palette, graph, or html output option template access report export zipcode area, details, and the property area. Screenshot Here A complete list of all the transforms that are available or activated for use. As of this writing, there are approximately 33 transforms.
A transform is script that will actually perform the action against a given site. Screenshot Here The graph area allows you to process the transforms as well as view the data in either the mining view, dynamic view, edge weighted view as well as the entity list. The overview area provides a mini-map of the entities discovered based upon the transforms.
The detail area is where it is possible to drill into the specifics of the entity. It is possible to view such things as the relationships, as well as details of how the information was generated. The property area allows you to see the specific properties of the transform populated with the results specific to the entity. To begin using NetGlub we need to drag and drop a transform from the Palette to the Graph Area.
By default, this will be populated with dummy data. To edit the entity within the selected transform, do so by editing the entries within the property view. We first need to determine the Internet infrastructure such as Domains. To perform this we will drag and drop the Domain transform to the graph area. Edit the transform to reflect the appropriate domain name for the client.
It is possible to collect nearly all the data that we will initially require by clicking on Run All Transforms. The data from these entities will be used to obtain additional information. Within the graph area the results will be visible as illustrated below. Screenshot Here Selecting the entities and choosing to run additional transforms the data collected will expand.
If a particular transform has not be used that you want to collect data from, simply drag it to the graph area and make the appropriate changes within the property view. There will be some information that you will need to enter to ensure that NetGlub functions properly. For example, you will need to enter in DNS servers which to query. In addition, you will be asked to provide your Alchemy and Open calais API keys. Identifying usernames and handles that are associated with a particular email is useful as this might provide several key pieces of information.
For instance, it could provide a significant clue for username and passwords. In addition, it can also indicate a particular individual's interest outside of work. A good place to location this type of information is within discussion groups Newsgroups, Mailing lists, forums, chat rooms, etc. The ability to locate personal domains that belong to target employees can yield additional information such as potential usernames and passwords.
It is not uncommon for individuals to create and publish audio files and videos. While these may be seem insignificant, they can yield additional information about a particular individual's interest outside of work. There are times when we will be unable to access web site information due to the fact that the content may no longer be available from the original source.
Being able to access archived copies of this information allows access to past information. There are several ways to access this archived information. The primary means is to utilize the cached results under Google's cached results. As part of an NVA, it is not uncommon to perform Google searches using specially targeted search strings:. Screenshot Here Collection of electronic data in direct response to reconnaissance and intelligence gathering should be focused on the target business or individual.
Publicly available documents should be gathered for essential data date, time, location specific information, language, and author. Data collected could provide insight into the current environment, operational procedures, employee training, and human resources. Identifying Metadata is possible using specialized search engine.
The goal is to identify data that is relevant to the target corporation. It may be possible to identify locations, hardware, software and other relevant data from Social Networking posts. Some search engines that provide the ability to search for Metadata are as follows: In addition to search engines, several tools exist to collect files and gather information from various documents.
FOCA is a tool that reads metadata from a wide range of document and media formats. FOCA pulls the relevant usernames, paths, software versions, printer details, and email addresses. This can all be performed without the need to individually download files. Foundstone has a tool, named SiteDigger, which allows us to search a domain using specially strings from both the Google Hacking Database GHDB and Foundstone Database FSDB.
This allows for slightly over potential queries available to discover additional information. Screenshot Here The specific queries scanned as well as the results of the queries are shown. To access the results of a query, simply double-click on the link provided to open in a browser. Metagoofil is a Linux based information gathering tool designed for extracting metadata of public documents. Metagoofil generates an html results page with the results of the metadata extracted, plus a list of potential usernames that could prove useful for brute force attacks.
It also extracts paths and MAC address information from the metadata. Metagoofil has a few options available, but most are related to what specifically you want to target as well the number of results desired. Screenshot Here Exif Reader is image file analysis software for Windows. It analyzes and displays the shutter speed, flash condition, focal length, and other image information included in the Exif image format which is supported by almost all the latest digital cameras.
Exif image files with an extension of JPG can be treated in the same manner as conventional JPEG files. Exif Tool is a Windows and OS X tool for reading Meta information. ExifTool supports a wide range of file formats. While not directly related to metadata, Tineye is also useful:. If a profile is found that includes a picture, but not a real name, Tineye can sometimes be used to find other profiles on the Internet that may have more information about a person including personals sites.
On-Site visits also allow assessment personnel to observe and gather information about the physical, environmental, and operational security of the target. Once the physical locations have been identified, it is useful to identify the adjacent facilities. Adjacent facilities should be documented and if possible, include any observed shared facilities or services. Covert Physical security inspections are used to ascertain the security posture of the target.
These are conducted covertly, clandestinely and without any party knowing they are being inspected. Observation is the key component of this activity. Physical security measures that should be observed include physical security equipment, procedures, or devices used to protect from possible threats. A physical security inspection should include, but is not limited to the following: Observing security guards or security officer is often the first step in assessing the most visible deterrence.
Security guards are uniformed and act to protect property by maintaining a high visibility presence to deter illegal and inappropriate actions. By observing security guard movements directly it is possible to determine procedures in use or establish movement patterns. You will need to observe what the security guards are protecting.
It is possible to utilize binoculars to observe any movement from a safe distance. Some security guards are trained and licensed to carry firearms for their own safety and for personnel they are entrusted to protect. The use of firearms by security guards should not be a surprise, if noted. This should be documented prior to beginning the engagement. If firearms are observed, ensure that precaution is taken not to take any further action unless specifically authorized and trained to do so.
Badge usage refers to a physical security method that involves the use of identification badges as a form of access control. Badging systems may be tied to a physical access control system or simply used as a visual validation mechanism. Observing individual badge usage is important to document. By observing, badge usage it may be possible to actually duplicate the specific badge being utilized. The specific items that should be noted are if the badge is required to be visible or shown to gain physical access to the property or facility.
Badge usage should be documented and if possible, include observed validation procedures. A locking device is a mechanical or electronic mechanism often implemented to prevent unauthorized ingress or egress. These can be as simple as a door lock, dead-bolt, or complex as a cipher lock. Observing the type and placement location of the locking devices on doors it is possible to determine if the door in primarily used for ingress or egress.
You will need to observe what the locking devices are protecting. All observations should be documented prior, and if possible photographs taken. Observing security guards or security officer is often the first step in assessing the most visible deterrence. Security lighting is often used as a preventative and corrective measure on a physical piece of property. Security lighting may aid in the detection of intruders, act as deterrence to intruders, or in some cases simply to increase the feeling of safety.
Security lighting is often an integral component to the environmental design of a facility. Security lighting includes floodlights and low pressure sodium vapor lights. Most Security lighting that is intended to be left on all night is of the high-intensity discharge lamp variety. Other lights may be activated by sensors such as passive infrared sensors PIRsturning on only when a person or other mammal approaches.
PIR activated lamps will usually be incandescent bulbs so that they can activate instantly; energy saving is less important since they will not be on all the time. PIR sensor activation can increase both the deterrent effect since the intruder knows that he has been detected and the detection effect since a person will be attracted to the sudden increase in light. Some PIR units can be set up to sound a chime as well as turn on the light. Most modern units have a photocell so that they only turn on when it is dark.
While adequate lighting around a physical structure is deployed to reduce the risk of an intrusion, it is critical that the lighting be implemented properly as poorly arranged lighting can actually obstruct viewing the facility they're designed to protect. Security lighting may be subject to vandalism, possibly to reduce its effectiveness for a subsequent intrusion attempt.
Thus security lights should either be mounted html output option template access report export zipcode high, or else protected by wire mesh or tough polycarbonate shields. Other lamps may be completely recessed from view and access, with the light directed out through a light pipe, or reflected from a polished aluminum or stainless steel mirror. For similar reasons high security installations may provide a stand-by power supply for their security lighting.
Observe and document the type, number, and locations of security lighting in use. While it might not be possible to determine the specific camera type being utilized or even the area of coverage it is possible to identify areas with or without limited coverage. Additionally, a physically unprotected camera may be subject to blurring or blocking the image by spraying substances or obstructing the lens. Access control refers to the practice of restricting entrance to a property, a building, or a room to authorized persons.
Access control can be achieved by a human a security guard, or receptionistthrough mechanical means such as locks and keys, or through technological means such as access control systems like the Access control vestibule. Access control devices historically were accomplished through keys and locks. Electronic access control use is widely being implemented to replace mechanical keys. Access control readers are generally classified as Basic, Semi-intelligent, and Intelligent.
A basic access control reader simply reads a card number or PIN and forward it to a control panel. The most popular type of access control readers are RF Tiny by RFLOGICS, ProxPoint by HID, and P by Farpointe Data. Semi-intelligent readers have inputs and outputs necessary to control door hardware lock, door contact, exit buttonbut do not make any access decisions. Common Semi-intelligent readers are InfoProx Lite IPL by CEM Systems and AP by Apollo.
Intelligent readers have all the inputs and outputs necessary to control door hardware while having the memory and html output option template access report export zipcode processing power necessary to make access decisions independently of each other. Common Intelligent readers are the InfoProx IPO by CEM Systems, AP by Apollo, PowerNet IP Reader by Isonas Security Systems, Html output option template access report export zipcode by Solus has the built in web service to make it user friendly, Edge ER40 reader by HID Global, LogLock and UNiLOCK by ASPiSYS Ltd, and BioEntry Plus reader by Suprema Inc.
Some readers may have additional features such as an LCD and function buttons for data collection purposes i. Observe and document the type, number, and locations of access control devices in use. Environmental design involves the surrounding environmental of a building, or facility. In the scope of Physical security, environmental design includes facilities geography, landscape, architecture, and exterior design.
Observing the facilities and surrounding areas can highlight potential areas of concern such as potential obscured areas due to geography and landscaping. Architecture and exterior design can impact the ability of security guards to protect property by creating areas of low or no-visibility. In addition, the placement of fences, storage containers, security guard shacks, barricades and maintenance areas could also prove useful in the ability move around a facility in a covert html output option template access report export zipcode. Observing employees is often the one of the easier steps to perform.
Employee actions generally provide insight into any corporate behaviors or acceptable norms. By observing, employees it is possible to determine procedures in use or establish ingress and egress traffic patterns. Traditionally, most targets dispose of their trash in either garbage cans or dumpsters. These may or may not be separated based upon the recyclability of the material. The act of dumpster diving is the practice of sifting through commercial or residential trash to find items that have been discarded by their owners, but which may be useful.
This is often times an extremely dirty process that can yield significant results. Dumpsters are usually located on private premises and therefore may subject the assessment team to potentially trespassing on property not owned by the target. Though the law is enforced with varying degrees of rigor, ensure that this is authorized as part of the engagement. Dumpster diving per se is often legal when not specifically prohibited by law. Rather than take the refuse from the area, it is commonly accepted to simply photograph the obtained material and then return it to the original dumpster.
A band is a section of the spectrum of radio communication frequencies, in which channels are usually used or set aside for the same purpose. To prevent interference and allow for efficient use of the radio spectrum, similar services are allocated in bands of non-overlapping ranges of frequencies. As a matter of convention, bands are divided at wavelengths of 10 n meters, or frequencies of 3? For example, 30 MHz or 10 m divides shortwave lower and longer from VHF shorter and higher.
These are the parts of the radio spectrum, and not its frequency allocation. Each of these bands has a basic band plan which dictates how it is to be used and shared, to avoid interference, and to set protocol for the compatibility of transmitters and receivers. Within the US, band plans are allocated and controlled by the Federal Communications Commission FCC.
The chart below illustrates the current band plans. Screenshot Here To avoid confusion, there are two bands that we could focus on our efforts on. The band plans that would in of interest to an attacker are indicated in the following chart. A Radio Frequency RF site survey or wireless survey, sometimes called a wireless site survey, is the process of determining the frequencies in use within a given environment. When conducting a RF site survey, it's very important to identify an effective range boundary, which involves determining the SNR at various points around a facility.
To expedite the process, all frequencies in use should be determined prior to arrival. Particular attention should be paid to security guards, and frequencies that the target is licensed to use. Several resources exist to assist in acquiring this information: Screenshot Here At a minimum a search engine Google, Bing, and Yahoo!
Using a Frequency counter or spectrum analyzer it is possible to identify the transmitting frequencies in use around the target facility. Common frequencies include the following: A spectrum analyzer can be used to visually illustrate the frequencies in use. These are usually targeting specific ranges that are generally more focused than a frequency counter. Below is an output from a spectrum analyzer that can clearly illustrate the frequencies in use.
The sweep range for this analyzer is MHz. Screenshot Here As part of the on-site survey, all radios and antennas in use should be identified. Including radio make and model as well as the length and type of antennas utilized. A few good resources are available to help you identify radio equipment: Identifying For visual identification, most vendor websites can be searched to identify the specific make and model of the equipment html output option template access report export zipcode use.
In a passive manner, it is possible to identify at the manufacturer based upon data collected from Html output option template access report export zipcode emissions. Wireless Local Area Network WLAN discovery consists of enumerating the type of WLAN that is currently deployed. The tools required to enumerate this information are highlighted as follows.
Airmon-ng is used to enable monitor mode on wireless interfaces. It may also be used to go back from monitor mode to managed mode. It is important to determine if our USB devices are properly detected. For this we can use lsusb, to list the currently detected USB devices. Screenshot Here As the figure illustrates, our distribution has detected not only the Prolific PL Serial Port, where we have our USB GPS connected, but also the Realtek RTL Wireless Adapter. Now that we have determined that our distribution recognizes the installed devices, we need to determine if the wireless adapter is already in monitor mode by running.
Screenshot Here Screenshot Here Screenshot Here Airodump-ng is part of the Aircrack-ng is a network software suite. Specifically, Airodump-ng is a packet sniffer that places air traffic into Packet Capture PCAP files or Initialization Vectors IVS files and shows information about wireless networks. Airodump-ng is used for packet capture of raw If you have a GPS receiver connected to the computer, Airodump-ng is capable of logging the coordinates of the found Html output option template access report export zipcode.
Before running Airodump-ng, start the Airmon-ng script to list the detected wireless interfaces. Kismet-newcore is a network detector, packet sniffer, and intrusion detection system for Kismet will work with any wireless card which supports raw monitoring mode, and can sniff Kismet identifies networks by passively collecting packets and detecting standard named networks, detecting and given time, decloaking hidden networks, and inferring the presence of nonbeaconing networks via data traffic.
Kismet has to be configured to work properly. First, we need to determine if it is already in monitor mode by running: Screenshot Here Screenshot Here Kismet is able to use more than one interface like Airodump-ng. For each adapter, add a source line into kismet. Note: By default kismet stores its capture files in the directory where it is started. These captures can be used with Aircrack-ng.
Screenshot Here As described earlier Kismet consists of three components and the initial screen informs us that we need to either start the Kismet server or choose to use a server that has been started elsewhere. Screenshot Here As referenced earlier, we created a monitor sub-interface from our wireless interface. For our purposes, we will enter "mon0", though your interface may have a completely different name.
Screenshot Here When Kismet server and client are running properly then wireless networks should start to show up. We have highlighted a WEP enabled network. There are numerous sorting options that you can choose from. We will not cover all the functionality of Kismet at this point, but if you're not familiar with the interface you should play with it until you get comfortable. If you are used to using Netstumbler you may be disappointed to hear that it doesn't function properly with Windows Vista and 7 bit.
That being said, all is not lost as there is an alternative that is compatible with Windows XP, Vista and 7 32 and bit. It makes use of the native Wi-Fi API and is compatible with most GPS devices NMEA v2. InSSIDer has some features that make it the tool of choice if you're using Windows. InSSIDer can track the strength of received signal in dBi over time, filter access points, and also export Wi-Fi and GPS data to a KML file to view in Google Earth. Screenshot Here The External Footprinting phase of Intelligence Gathering involves collecting response results from a target based upon direct interaction from an external perspective.
The goal is to gather as much information about the target as possible. For external footprinting, we first need to determine which one of the WHOIS servers contains the information we're after. Given that we should know the TLD for the target domain, we simply have to locate the Registrar that the target domain is registered with.
WHOIS information is based upon a tree hierarchy. ICANN IANA is the authoritative registry for all of the TLDs and is a great starting point for all manual WHOIS queries. Once the appropriate Registrar was queried we can obtain the Registrant information. There are numerous sites that offer WHOIS information; however for accuracy in documentation, you need to use only the appropriate Registrar. It is possible to identify the Autonomous System Number ASN for networks that participate in Border Gateway Protocol BGP.
Since BGP route paths are advertised throughout the world we can find these by using a BGP4 and BGP6 looking glass. The active footprinting phase of Intelligence Gathering involves gathering response results from a target based upon direct interaction. DNS zone transfer, also known as AXFR, is a type of DNS transaction. It is a mechanism designed to replicate the databases containing the DNS data across a set of DNS servers.
Zone transfer comes in two flavors, full AXFR and incremental IXFR. There are numerous tools available to test the ability to perform a DNS zone transfer. Tools commonly used to perform zone transfers are host, dig, and nmap. Reverse DNS can be used to obtain valid server names in use within an organizational. There is a caveat that it must have a PTR reverse DNS record for it to resolve a name from a provided IP address. If it does resolve then the results are returned.
This is usually performed by testing the server with various IP addresses to see if it returns any results. After identifying all the information that is associated with the client domain sit is now time to begin to query DNS. Since DNS is used to map IP addresses to hostnames, and vice versa we will want to see if it is insecurely configure.
We will seek to use DNS to reveal additional information about the client. One of the most serious misconfigurations involving DNS is allowing Internet users to perform a DNS zone transfer. There are several tools that we can use to enumerate DNS to not only check for the ability to perform zone transfers, but to potentially discover additional host names that are not commonly known. For DNS enumeration, there are two tools that are utilized to provide the desired results.
The first that we will focus on is named Fierce2. As you can probably guess, this is a modification on Fierce. Fierce2 has lots of options, but the one that we want to focus on attempts to perform a zone transfer. If that is not possible, then it performs DNS queries using various server names in an effort to enumerate the host names that have been registered. Screenshot Here There is a common prefix called common-tla. This can be found at the following URL: An alternative to Fierce2 for DNS enumeration is DNSEnum.
As you can probably guess, this is very similar to Fierce2. DNSEnum offers the ability to enumerate DNS through brute forcing subdomains, performing reverse lookups, listing domain network ranges, and performing whois queries. It also performs Google scraping for additional names to query. Screenshot Here Again, there is a common prefix wordlist that has been composed to utilize as a list when enumerating any DNS entries.
This can be found at the following URL: Dnsdict6, which is part of the THC IPv6 Attack Toolkit, is an IPv6 DNS dictionary brute forcer. The options are relatively simple, but simply specify the domain and a dictionary-file. Nmap runs on both Linux and Windows. Nmap is available in both command line and GUI versions.
For the sake of this document, we will only cover the command line. Nmap has dozens of options available. Since this section is dealing with port scanning, we will focus on the commands required to perform this task. It is important to note that the commands utilized depend mainly on the time and number of hosts being scanned. The more hosts or less time that you have to perform this tasks, the less that we will interrogate the host.
This will become evident as we continue to discuss the options. Based on the IP set being assessed you would want to scan both the TCP and UDP ports across the range 1 to The command that will be utilized is as follows: On large IP sets, those greater than IP addresses, do not specify a port range. The command that will be utilized is as follows: It should be noted that Nmap has limited options for IPv6. These include TCP connect -sTPing scan -snList scan -sL and version detection.
SNMP sweeps are performed too as they offer tons of information about a specific system. The SNMP protocol is a stateless, datagram oriented protocol. Unfortunately SNMP servers don't respond to requests with invalid community strings and the underlying UDP protocol does not reliably report closed UDP ports. This means that "no response" from a probed IP address can mean either of the following: SNMPEnum is a perl script that sends SNMP requests to a single host, then waits for the response to come back and logs them.
This can be used to assist an attacker in fingerprint the SMTP server as SMTP server information, including software and versions, may be included in a bounce message. Banner Grabbing is an enumeration technique used to glean information about computer systems on a network and the services running its open ports. Banner grabbing is used to identify network the version of applications and operating system that the target host are running.
Banner grabbing is usually performed on Hyper Text Transfer Protocol HTTPFile Transfer Protocol FTPand Simple Mail Transfer Protocol SMTP ; ports 80, 21, and 25 respectively. Tools commonly used to perform banner grabbing are Telnet, nmap, and Netcat. The Internal Footprinting phase of Intelligence Gathering involves gathering response results from a target based upon direct interaction from an internal perspective. Active footprinting begins with the identification of live systems.
This is usually performed by conducting a Ping sweep to determine which hosts respond. Alive6, which is part of the THC IPv6 Attack Toolkit, offers the most effective mechanism for detecting all IPv6 systems. Screenshot Here Alive6 offers numerous options, but can be simply run by just specifying the interface. This returns all the IPv6 systems that are live on the local-link. Based on IP set being assessed, you would want to scan the both TCP and UDP across port range to The command that will be utilized is as follows: On large IP sets, those greater than IP addresses do not specify a port range.
Screenshot Here Active footprinting can also be performed to a certain extent through Metasploit. Please refer to the Metasploit Unleashed course for more information on this subject. Tools commonly used to perform zone transfers are host, dig and nmap. Tools commonly used to perform banner grabbing are Telnet, nmap, netcat and netca6 IPv6. Screenshot Here VoIP mapping is where we gather information about the topology, the servers and the clients. The majority of techniques covered here assume a basic understanding of the Session Initiation Protocol SIP.
There are several tools available to help us identify and enumerate VoIP enabled devices. SMAP is a tool which is specifically designed to scan for SIP enabled devices by generating SIP requests and awaiting responses. SMAP usage is as follows: Screenshot Here SIPScan is another scanner for sip enabled devices that can scan a single host or an entire subnet. Screenshot Here Extensions are any client application or device that initiates a SIP connection, such as an IP phone, PC softphone, PC instant messaging client, or mobile device.
The goal is to identify valid usernames or extensions of SIP devices. Enumerating extensions is usually a product of the error messages returned using the SIP method: REGISTER, OPTIONS, or INVITE. There are many tools that can be utilized to enumerate SIP devices. A tool that can be used to enumerate extensions is Svwar from the SIPVicious suite. Svwar is also a tool from the sipvicious suite allows to enumerate extensions by using a range of extensions or using a dictionary file svwar supports all the of the html output option template access report export zipcode extension enumeration methods as mentioned above, the default method for enumeration is REGISTER.
Svwar usage is as follows: Screenshot Here If you've identified an Asterisk server is in use, you need to utilize a username guessing tool such as enumIAX to enumerate Asterisk Exchange protocol usernames. For the most part, packet html output option template access report export zipcode is difficult to detect and so this form of recon is essentially passive and quite stealthy. By collecting and analyzing a large number of packets it becomes possible to fingerprint the operating system and the services that are running on a given device.
It may also be possible to grab login information, password hashes, and other credentials from the packet stream. Telnet and older versions of SNMP pass credentials in plain text and are html output option template access report export zipcode compromised with sniffing. Packet sniffing can also be useful in determining which servers act as critical infrastructure and therefore are of interest to an attacker. Vulnerability Analysis is used to identify and evaluate the security risks posed by identified vulnerabilities.
Vulnerability analysis work is divided into two areas: Identification and validation. Vulnerability discovery effort is the key component of the Identification phase. Validation is reducing the number of identified vulnerabilities to only those that are actually valid. An automated scanner is designed to assess networks, hosts, and associated applications.
There are a number of types of automated scanners available today, some focus on particular targets or types of targets. The core purpose of an automated scanner is the enumeration of vulnerabilities present on networks, hosts, and html output option template access report export zipcode applications. The Open Vulnerability Assessment System OpenVAS is a framework of several services and tools offering a comprehensive and powerful vulnerability scanning and vulnerability management solution.
OpenVAS is a fork of Nessus that allows free development of a non-proprietary tool. Like the earlier versions of Nessus, OpenVAS consists of a Client and Scanner. To start the Scanner, simply run openvassd from the command line. Screenshot Here There are two ways in which you can run the OpenVAS Client, either the GUI or the command line interface. Using the menu you would select on OpenVAS Client. In the console it is "OpenVAS-Client. You will then be presented with a certificate to accept.
Click yes to continue. Once you accept the certificate, OpenVAS will initialize and indicate the number of Found and Enabled plugins. This could take a while depending upon the number of plugins that need to be downloaded. For example: Screenshot Here Before scanning anything we need to configure the OpenVAS Scan Options. The General section covers all the general scan options.
See Appendix A for the specific settings. To start a new scan, you use the Scan Assistant. Screenshot Here Once the Scan Assistant launches, you'll have to provide some information to create the task. First, you'll need to give the name of the task. This is usually the name of the client or some other name that describes what you're scanning. Once you've completed this, click Forward to continue. Screenshot Here A scope can be seen as a sub-task.
It defines a certain scan and the title should indicate the scope of the scan such as "Internet Facing Systems" or "Aggressive Scan of Client X". Screenshot Here At this point you'll need to provide the target information. This can be in the form of a hostname, FQDN, IP Address, Network Range, CIDR. The only requirement is that they have to be separated with commas. Screenshot Here Finally, we're at the point where we can launch our scan. Click Execute to start the scan. Screenshot Here Screenshot Here Screenshot Here Screenshot Here Nessus is a commercial automated scanning program.
It is designed to detect potential vulnerabilities on the networks, hosts, and associated application being assessed. Nessus allows for custom policies to be utilized for specific evaluations. For non-Web applications, the policy that should be utilized is the "Only Safe Checks" policy See Appendix A. For Web applications, the policy that should be utilized is the "Only Safe Checks Web " policy See Appendix B. To access Nessus simply enter in the correct URL into a web browser.
Screenshot Here The credentials to access this will need to be established prior to attempting to access. Once you have the logged in, you will be presented with the Reports Interface. Prior to running any Nessus scan, the product should be validated to ensure that it has been properly updated with the latest signatures.
This process is normally run as part of a scheduled task, but you can run click on "About" which will present the Windows which contains data about the installation. Screenshot Here The Client Build ID is quick way to ensure that Nessus has been updated. The format is as simple as YYYYMMDD. Screenshot Here If the scanner has been updated within the last week, you can safely conduct scans.
If this date is further out than one week, you should immediately report this and avoid using the scanner until Nessus has been updated. Within Nessus, there are four main tabs available: Reports, Scans, Policies, and Users. Screenshot Here To initiate a scan utilize the Scan tab. This will present you with several additional options such as Add, Edit, Browse, Launch, Pause, Stop, and Delete.
The "Add Scan" screen will be displayed as follows Screenshot Here There are five fields to enter before starting a scan. The name field is set to the name that will be displayed to identify the scan. The type field allows you to choose between "Run Now" and "Template. The policy field is where the scan policy is selected. The final two fields are both related to the scan targets. You can either enter in the hosts one per line or browse for a html output option template access report export zipcode file containing all the target hosts.
Once all these fields have been properly populated click "Launch Scan" to initiate the scan process. Note: Automated tools can sometimes be too aggressive by default and need to be scaled back if the customer is affected. If you conduct a "Validation Scan" and do not receive similar results, then you should immediately report this and void using the scanner. Once the scan has completed running, it will be visible in the Reports tab. To open the scan reports simply double-click on the appropriate completed scan file.
This will provide us with some information about the scan as well as the results. Screenshot Here We need to save this report for us to analyze. To do this, click on the "Download Report. Screenshot Here The default format is ". This allows you to quickly review the vulnerabilities. Nessus is a commercial automated scanning product that provides vulnerability management, policy compliance and remediation management. It is designed to detect vulnerabilities as well as policy compliance on the networks, hosts, and associated web applications.
To access NeXpose simply enter in the correct URL into a web browser. Once you have the logged in, you will be presented with the dashboard Interface. Prior to running any NeXpose scan, the product should be validated to ensure that it has been properly updated with the latest signatures. This process is normally run as part of a scheduled task, but you can quickly validate that it the scanner is up to date by simply viewing the 'News' which will give you a log file of all the updates to the scan engine as well as any updated checks.
If the scanner has been updated within the last week, you can safely conduct scans. If this date is further out than one week, you should immediately report this and void using the scanner until NeXpose has been updated. Within NeXpose, there are six main tabs available: Home, Assets, Tickets, Reports, Vulnerabilities, and Administration. Screenshot Here To initiate a scan you will have to setup a 'New Site'. To perform this click on the 'New Site' button at the bottom of the Home Page or click on the Assets tab.
Screenshot Here This will present you with the 'Site Configuration - General' page which contains several inputs such as Site name, Site importance, and Site Description. Screenshot Here Type a name for the target site. Then add a brief description for the site, and select a level of importance from the dropdown list. The importance level corresponds to a risk factor that NeXpose uses to calculate a risk index for each site. A 'Normal' setting does not change the risk index.
Screenshot Here Go to the Devices page to list assets for your new site. To import a target list file, click the Browse' button in the Included Device's' area, and select the appropriate file. If you need to exclude targets from a scan, the process is the sample however; it is performed under the area labeled ' Devices to Exclude'. Once the targets have been added, a scan template will need to be selected from the ' Scan Setup' page.
To select a scan template simply browse the available templates. The scan engine drop down allows you to choose between the local scan engine and the Rapid 7 hosted scan engine. There are many templates available, however be aware that if you modify a template, all sites that use that scan template will use these modified settings. So ensure that modify an existing template with caution. The default scan templates Denial of Service, Discovery scan, Discovery scan aggressiveExhaustive, Full audit, Internal DMZ audit, Linux RPMs, Microsoft hotfix, Payment Card Industry PCI audit, Penetration test, Safe network audit, Sarbanes-Oxley SOX compliance, SCADA audit, and Web audit.
Specific settings for these templates are included in Appendix D Finally, if you wish to schedule a scan to run automatically, click the check box labeled 'Enable schedule'. The console displays options for a start date and time, maximum scan duration in minutes, and frequency of repetition. If the scheduled scan runs and exceeds the maximum specified duration, it will pause for an interval that you specify in the option labeled 'Repeat every'.
Select an option for what you want the scan to do after the pause interval. The newly scheduled scan will appear in the 'Next Scan' column of the 'Site Summary' pane of the page for the site that you are creating. All scheduled scans appear on the 'Calendar' page, which you can view by clicking the 'Monthly calendar' link on the 'Administration' page. You can set up alerts to inform you when a scan starts, stops, fails, or matches a specific criterion. Screenshot Here The console displays a New Alert' dialog box.
Click the '' Enable alert' check box to ensure that NeXpose generates this type of alert. You can click the box again at any time to disable the alert if you prefer not to receive that alert temporarily without having to delete it. Screenshot Here Type a name for the alert and a value in the 'Send at most' field if you wish to limit the number of this type of alert that you receive during the scan. Select the check boxes for types of events Started, Stopped, Failed, Paused, and Resumed that you wish to generate alerts for.
Select a notification method from the dropdown box. NeXpose can send alerts via SMTP e-mail, SNMP message, or Syslog message. Select e-mail method and enter the addresses of your intended recipients. Click the Limit alert text check box to send the alert without a description of the alert or its solution. Click the Save button. The new alert appears on the 'Alerting' page. Screenshot Here Establishing logon credentials enables deeper checks across a wider range of vulnerabilities, such as policy violations, adware, or spyware.
Additionally, credentialed scans result in more accurate results. On the 'Credentials' page click 'New Login' display the 'New Login' box. Screenshot Here Select the desired type of credentials from the dropdown list labeled 'Login type'. This selection determines the other fields that appear in the form. The 'Restrict to Device' and 'Restrict to Port' fields allows for testing credentials to ensure that the work on a given site. After filling those fields, click on the 'Test login' button to make sure that the credentials work.
Specifying a port in the Restrict to Port field allows you to limit your range of scanned ports in certain situations. Click the 'Save' button. The new credentials appear on the 'Credentials' page. Once the scan has completed, you can view the results in several manners. It is possible to view the assets by sites, view assets by groups, view assets by operating systems, view assets by services, view assets by software, and view all assets.
Screenshot Here Screenshot Here To create a report, click on the 'Create Site Report' button. This will take you to the 'New Report' 'Configuration' page. Screenshot Here Report configuration entails selecting a report template, assets to report on, and distribution options. You may schedule automatic reports for generation and distribution after scans or on a fixed calendar timetable; or you may run reports manually.
After you go through all the following configuration steps and click 'Save', NeXpose will immediately start generating a report. At first glance, the interface looks to be much more complicated than Nessus. It is however, extremely simple once you've explored it. The initial screen that is presented is the Discovery Tasks page. This is utilized to perform a discovery scan to determine what hosts are alive. Screenshot Here To perform a Discovery Scan, click Targets from the Actions section and the "Select Targets" option will appear.
At this point you can either enter in a single IP address or hostname that you assess. The other options available are to scan by IP Range, CIDR, Named Host, and Address Groups. Clicking on the Options Actions section presents us with additional options related to the Discovery scan. These options include ICMP Discovery, TCP Discovery on Ports enter in a comma separated list of port numbers, UPD Discovery, Perform OS Detection, Get Reverse DNS, Get NetBIOS Name, and Get MAC Address.
Select the appropriate options for the scan desired. Screenshot Here To run the Discovery scan immediately click "Discover. In order to get the results in a format that we can use, we need to select the scan results and click "Generate" to export the results in XML format. Screenshot Here While Discovery Scans may be useful, the majority of our tasks will take place in the Audit Interface.
This is very similar to the Discovery Scan interface; however it does have a few more options. Screenshot Here The Targets section is similar though there is an additional section that allows us to specify the Output Type, Name, and Job Name. Screenshot Here This section is important to complete, as this is how the scan results will be saved. If you do not change this information then you could potentially overwrite someone else's scan results.
By default, these are saved to the following directory: This is important to note, as you will need to copy these from this location to your working directory. At this point we need to click Ports from the Actions section and the "Select Port Group s " option will appear. At this point we need to validate that the "All Ports" option has been selected. Screenshot Here The next section we need to check is "Audits" from the Actions section and the "Select Audit Group s " option will appear.
At this point we need to validate that the "All Audits" option has been selected. Screenshot Here The final section we need to check is "Options" from the actions section. Clicking on this will present us with the "Select Options" action section. Screenshot Here At this point we are ready to actually perform the Audit Scan.
Click the Scan button to start the Audit Scan immediately. To perform the scan at a later point in time or on a regular schedule, click "Schedule. Screenshot Here Note: Automated tools can sometimes be too aggressive by default and need to be scaled back if the customer is affected. Screenshot Here Core IMPACT is a penetration testing and exploitation toolset used for testing the effectiveness of your information security program.
Core IMPACT automates several difficult exploits and has a multitude of exploits and post exploitation capabilities. Core can exploit SQL injection, Remote File Inclusion and Reflected Cross Site Scripting flaws on vulnerable web applications. As always, the first step information gathering. Core organizes web attacks into scenarios. You can create multiple scenarios and test the same application with varying settings, segment a web application, or to separate multiple applications.
For greater customization, you can also select html output option template access report export zipcode link parsing module and set session parameters. Further customized discovery modules like checking for backup and hidden pages are available on the modules tab. Screenshot Here The attack can be directed to a scenario or individual pages.
Each type of exploit has its own configuration wizard. There are three different levels of injection attacks. Adding information about known custom error pages and any session arguments will enhance testing. For XSS attacks, configure the browser XSS should be tested for, whether or not to evaluate POST parameters and whether to look for Persistent XSS vulnerabilities. Monitor the module progress in the Executed Modules pane.
If the WebApps Attack and Penetration is successful, then Core Agents see note on agents in Core network RPT will appear under vulnerable pages in the Entity View. Can leverage XSS exploits to assist with Social Engineering awareness tests. The wizard will guide the penetration tester though the process of leveraging the XSS vulnerability to your list of recipients from the client side information gathering phase. Will check for sensitive information, get database logins and get the database schema for pages where SQL was successfully exploited.
Command and SQL shells may also be possible. Screenshot Here The RFI agent PHP can be used to gather information, for shell access, or to install the full Core Agent. Select from a variety of reports like executive, vulnerability and activity reports. Core Onestep Web RPTs. Core also has two one-step rapid penetration tests. Type in the web application and Core will attempt to locate pages that contain vulnerabilities to SQL Injection, PHP Remote File Inclusion, or Cross-site Scripting attacks.
This test can also be scheduled. Core Impact contains a number of modules for penetration testing an In order to use the wireless modules you must use an AirPcap adapter available from www. Select the channels to scan to discover access points or capture wireless packets. The station deauth module can be used to demonstrate wireless network disruption. It is also used to gather information for encryption key cracking. Allows penetration tester to sniff wireless traffic, intercept or manipulate requests to gain access to sensitive data or an end user system.
Leverage existing wireless network from steps one and two, or setup fake access points with the Karma Attack. Reports about all the discovered WiFi networkssummary information about attacks while using a Fake Access Point and results of Man In The Middle MiTM attacks can be generated. Core Impact can perform controlled and targeted social engineering attacks against a specified user community via email, web browsers, third-party plug-ins, and other client-side applications.
Core Impact has automate modules for scraping email addresses our of search engines can utilize search API keysPGP, DNS and WHOIS records, LinkedIn as well as by crawling a website, contents and metadata for Microsoft Office Documents and PDFsor importing from a text file generated using source as documented in the intelligence gather section of the PTES.
Core supports multiple types of attacks, including single exploit, multiple exploits or a phishing only attack. Screenshot Here Depending on which option is chosen the wizard will walk you through choosing the exploit, setting the duration of the client side test, and choosing an email template note: predefined templates are available, but message should be customized to match target environment!
Web links can be obfuscated using tinyURL, Bit. After setting the options for the email server the Core Agent connect back method HTTP, HTTPS, or other portand choosing whether or not to run a module on successful exploitation or to try to collect smb credentials, the attack will start. Specific modules can be run instead of using the wizard by choosing the modules tab. Screenshot Here Monitor the Executed Modules pane to see the progress of the client side attack. As agents are deployed, they will be added to the network tab.
See the network RPT section of the PTES for details on completing the local information gathering, privilege escalation and clean up tasks. It is also possible to create a trojaned USB drive that will automatically install the Core agent. Core can exploit SQL injection, Remote File Inclusion and Reflected Cross Site Scripting flaws on vulnerable web applications Screenshot Here 1 Information Gathering.
Further customized discovery modules like checking for backup and hidden pages are available on the modules tab The attack can be directed to a scenario or individual pages. The RFI agent PHP can be used to gather information, for shell access, or to install the full Core Agent. Core will try to confirm vulnerabilities from IBM Rational AppScan, HP WebInspect, or NTOspider scans. SAINT Professional is a commercial suite combining two distinct tools rolled into one easy to use management interface; SAINTscanner and SAINTexploit providing a fully integrated vulnerability assessment and penetration testing toolkit.
SAINTscanner is designed to identify vulnerabilities on network devices, OS and within applications. It can be used for compliance and audit testing based on pre-defined and custom policies. In addition as a data leakage prevention tool it can enumerate any data that should not be stored on the network. SAINTexploit is designed to exploit those vulnerabilities identified by SAINTscanner, with the ability to carry out bespoke social engineering and phishing attacks also. One a host or device has been exploited it can be utilised to tunnel through to other vulnerable hosts.
SAINT can either be built from source or be run from a pre-configured virtual machine supplied by the vendor. If the latter is used recommended simply double clicking the icon will launch the suite. Once logged in you immediately enter the SAINTscanner page with the Penetration Testing SAINTXploit tab easily available and visible.
It is possible to login remotely to SAINT, by default this is over port and has those hosts allowed to connect have to be setup via Options, startup options, Category remote mode, subcategory host options:. Configuration of scanning options should now be performed which is accessed by Options, scanning options, Category scanning policy.
Each sub category needs to be addressed to ensure that the correct default scanning parameters are set i. Note: - The target restrictions sub-category should be amended if any hosts are not to be probed. The most import scanning option is Category Scanning policy, sub-category probe options, option, what scanning policy should be used, the scan required is selected or a custom policy built-up to suit the actual task.
Having configured all the options required the actual process of carrying out a scan can be addressed. Step 2 Type in credentials. Step 3 Select Scan Policy Type. Step 4 Determine Firewall settings for Target. Step 5 Select Scan Now. Discovery - Identify hosts. Information Gathering - Identify hosts, html output option template access report export zipcode and html output option template access report export zipcode scan.
Single Penetration - Both above then exploits stopping at first successful exploit. Full Penetration - Exploits as many vulnerabilities as possible. Web Application - Attacks discovered web applications. Conducting a test is fairly straight forward, once any prior configuration has been carried out, callback ports, timeouts etc. Just select the Pen Test icon then go through the following 4 steps. Once complete select run pen test now. Once a host has been successfully exploited, navigating to the connections tab provides the ability to directly interact with the session.
The File Html output option template access report export zipcode gives the ability to perform numerous actions. The Screenshot Tool can be used against an exploited host to grab a screenshot for the report. Varied other tools that can be utilised against the host, i. Custom Client Side attacks. These can be performed by using the exploits icon, selecting exploits, expanding out the client list and clicking on the appropriate exploit that you wish to utilise against the client run now.
Select, port the client is to connect to, the shell port and the target type. Annotate any specific mail from and to parameters. Type in the subject, either select a predefined template and alter the message to suit. A sample pre-defined template is available which looks very realistic. Selecting run now will start the exploit server against the specified target host. If a client click the link in the email they have just been sent, and they are exploitable, the host will appear in the connections tab and can then be interacted with as above.
SAINTwriter is a component of SAINT that allows you to generate a variety of customised reports. SAINTwriter features eight pre-configured reports, eight report formats HTML, Frameless HTML, Simple HTML, PDF, XML, text, tab-separated text, and comma-separated textand over configuration options for custom reports. Step 1 From the SAINT GUI, go to Data, and from there go to SAINTwriter. Step 2 Read the descriptions of the pre-configured reports and select the one which best suits your needs.
WebInspect can also help check that a Web server is configured properly, and attempts common web attacks such as parameter injection, cross-site scripting, directory traversal, and more When you first start WebInspect, the application displays the Start Page. For this page we can perform the five major functions within the WebInpsect GUI. The options are to start a Web Site Assessment, start a Web Service Assessment, start an Enterprise Assessment, generate a Report, and start Smart Update.
From the Start Page, you can also access recently opened scans, view the scans that are scheduled for today and finally, view the WebInspect Messages. Screenshot Here The first scan that is performed with WebInspect is the Web Site Assessment Scan. WebInspect makes use of the New Web Site Assessment Wizard to setup the assessment scans. Screenshot Here When you start the New Scan wizard, the Scan Wizard window appears. The options displayed within the wizard windows are extracted from the WebInspect default settings.
The important thing to note is that any changes you make will be used for this scan only. In the Scan Name box, enter a name or a brief description of the scan. Next you need to select one an assessment mode. The options available are Crawl Only, Crawl and Audit, Audit Only, and Manual. The "Crawl Only" option completely maps a site's tree structure. It is possible after a crawl has been completed, to click "Audit" to assess an application's vulnerabilities.
This should be used when assessing extremely large sites. The site is not assessed when this option is chosen. Finally, "Manual" mode allows you to navigate manually to sections of the application. It does not crawl the entire site, but records information only about those resources that you encounter while scanning a Site manually navigating the site.
Use this option if there are credentialed scans being performed. Also, ensure that you embed the credentials in the profile settings. Screenshot Here It is recommended to crawl the client site first. Once you have selected the assessment mode, you will need to select the assessment type. There are four options available, Standard Assessment, List-Driven Assessment, Manual Assessment, and Workflow-Driven Assessment. The Standard Assessment type consists of automated analysis, starting from the target URL.
This is the tradestation day trading margins lyrics way to start a scan. Manual Assessment allows you to navigate manually to whatever sections of your application you choose to visit, using Internet Explorer. List-Driven Assessment performs an assessment using a list of URLs to be scanned.
Workflow-Driven Assessment: WebInspect audits only those URLs included in the macro that you previously recorded and does not follow any hyperlinks encountered during the audit. As discussed earlier, Standard Assessment will normally be used for the initial scans. If this is the choice you've selected you will need to type or select the complete URL or IP address of the client's site to be examined. When you enter a URL, it must be precise. For example, if you entering client. By default, scans performed by IP address will not follow links that use fully qualified URLs.
Screenshot Here Select "Restrict to folder" to limit the scope of the assessment to the area selected. There are three options available from the drop-down list. Screenshot Here The choices are Directory only, Directory and subdirectories, and Directory and parent directories. It will not access any directory than the URL specified. If the target site needs to accessed through a proxy server, select Network Proxy and then choose an option from the Proxy Profile list.
The default is to Use Internet Explorer. The other options available are Autodetect, Use PAC File, Use Explicit Proxy Settings, and Use Mozilla Firefox. Autodetect uses the Web Proxy Autodiscovery Protocol WPAD to locate a proxy autoconfig file and use this to configure the browser's Web proxy settings. Use PAC File loads proxy settings from a Proxy Automatic Configuration PAC file.
Use Explicit Proxy Settings allows you to specify proxy server settings. Use Mozilla Firefox imports the proxy server information from Firefox. Screenshot Here Selecting to use browser proxy settings does not guarantee that you will be able to access the Internet through a particular proxy server. If the Internet Explorer settings are configured to use a proxy that is not running, then you will not be able to access the site to begin the assessment.
For this reason, it is always recommended to check the prosy settings of the application you have selected. Select Network Authentication if server authentication is required. Then choose the specific authentication method and enter your network credentials. Click Next to continue. The Coverage and Thoroughness options are not usually modified, unless you are targeting an Oracle site.
Screenshot Here To optimize settings for an Oracle site, select Framework and then choose the site type from the Optimize scan for list. Use the Crawl slider to specify the crawler settings. If enabled, the slider allows you to select one of four crawl positions. The options are Thorough, Default, Normal, and Quick. The specific settings are as follows:. Screenshot Here At this point the scan has been properly configured.
There is an option to save the scan settings for later use. Click Scan to exit the wizard and begin the scan. As soon as you start a Web Site Assessment, WebInspect displays in the Navigation pane an icon depicting each session. It also reports possible vulnerabilities on the Vulnerabilities tab and Information tab in the Summary pane.
If you click a URL listed in the Summary pane, the program highlights the related session in the Navigation pane and displays its associated information in the Information pane. The relative severity of a vulnerability listed in the Navigation pane is identified by its associated icon. Screenshot Here When conducting or viewing a scan, the Navigation pane is on the left side of the WebInspect window. It includes the Site, Sequence, Search, and Step Mode buttons, which determines view presented.
When conducting or viewing a scan, the Information pane contains three collapsible information panels and an information display area. Select the type of information to display by clicking on an item in one of three information panels in the left column. The Summary pane has five tabs: Vulnerabilities, Information, Best Practices, Html output option template access report export zipcode Log, and Server Information. The Vulnerabilities Tab lists all vulnerabilities discovered during an audit.
The Information Tab lists information discovered during an assessment or crawl. These are not considered vulnerabilities, but simply identify interesting points in the site or certain applications or Web servers. The Best Practices Tab lists issues detected by WebInspect that relate to commonly accepted best practices for Web development. Items listed here are not vulnerabilities, but are indicators of overall site quality and site development security practices or lack thereof.
The Scan Log Tab is used to view information about the assessment. For instance, the time at which certain auditing was conducted against the target. Finally, the Server Information Tab lists items of interest pertaining to the server. Screenshot Here The final step is to export the results further analysis. To export the results of the analysis to an XML file, click File, then Export. This presents the option to export the Scan or Scan Details. Screenshot Here From the Export Scan Details window we need to choose the Full from the Details option.
This will ensure that we obtain the most comprehensive report possible. Since this is only available in XML format, the only option we have left to choose is to scrub data. If you want to ensure that SSN, and Credit Card data is scrubbed then select these options. If you choose to scrub IP address information then the exported data will be useless for our purposes. Click Export to continue. Choose the file location to save the exported data.
The first scan that is performed with WebInspect is the Web Site Assessment Scan. Screenshot Here When you start the New wizard, the Web Service Scan Wizard window appears. The options available are Crawl Only, and Crawl and Audit. Screenshot Here Once you have selected the assessment mode, you will need to select the location of the WSDL file. WSDL is an XML format for describing network services as a set of endpoints operating on messages containing either document-oriented or procedure-oriented information.
Once you have selected to appropriate options, click Next to continue. As soon as you start a Web Service Assessment, WebInspect displays in the Navigation pane an icon depicting each session. Screenshot Here The final step is to export the results for further analysis. IBM Rational AppScan automates application security testing by scanning applications, identifying vulnerabilities and generating reports with recommendations to ease remediation.
This tutorial will apply to the AppScan Standard Edition which is a desktop solution to automate Web application security testing. It is intended to be use by small security teams with several security testers. To ensure APPScan has the latest updates you should click update on the toolbar menu. This will check the IBM servers for updates.
Internet access is required. The simplest way to configure a scan is to use the Configuration Wizard. You can then choose what type of scan you wish to perform. The default is a Web Application Scan. You then have to enter the starting URL for the web application. Uncheck the case-sensitivity path option if you know all the systems are windows as it can help reduce the scan time. If the web application requires authentication then there are several options to choose from.
Recorded allows you to record the login procedure so that AppScan can perform the login automatically. Prompt will prompt with the login screen during the scan when a login is required. Automatic can be used in web applications that only require a username and password. This option automatically detects if the web application is out of session. Next you will be asked to choose a test policy. There are various built-in policies and each have various inclusions and exclusions. You can also create a custom policy.
By default AppScan tests the login and logout pages. Some applications have safeguards that could lockout the test account and prevent a scan from completing. You need monitor the testing logs to ensure login is not failing. AppScan also deletes previous session tokens before testing login pages. You may need to disable this option if a valid session token is required on the login pages.
By default AppScan will start a full scan of the application. To ensure full coverage of the application a Manual Explore of the application is preferred. With this option AppScan with provide you with a browser window and you can access the application to explore every option and feature available. Once the full application has been explored you can close the browser and AppScan will add the discovered pages its list for testing.
DirBuster is a java application that is designed to brute force web directories and files names. DirBuster attempts to find hidden or obfuscated directories, but as with any bruteforcing tool, it is only as good as the directory and file list utilized. For that reason, DirBuster has 9 different lists. Screenshot Here The ability to identify the Webserver version is critical to identify vulnerabilities specific to a particular installation.
This information should have been gathered as part of an earlier phase. NetSparker is windows based Web Application Scanner. This scanner tests for all. This scanner allows the user to. NetSparker is an inexpensive. When launching NetSparker, the user is presented with the following screen, which. NetSparker allows the user to enter credentials for Forms based Authentication in.
Once credentials have been entered, NetSparker presents those to the web. The below confirms that NetSparker is able to use the supplied credentials to login. In an effort to make sure that NetSparker knows when it has logged itself out of the. NetSparker offers five different methods to start the scan as seen below. Links Only and Schedule Scan. The scan starts with a crawl of the website and classifies the potential security. The next phase is attacking the website.
This begins to show identified. Reporting options include PDF, HTML, CSV and XML formats. Virtual Private Networking VPN involves "tunneling" private data through the Internet. The four most widely known VPN "standards" are Layer 2 Forwarding L2FIP Security IPSecPoint-to-Point Tunneling Protocol PPTPand Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol L2TP. VPN servers generally will not be detected by a port scans as they don't listen on TCP ports, so a TCP port scan won't find them. In addition, they won't normally send ICMP unreachable messages, so a UDP port scans more than likely won't find them.
This is why we need specialized scanners to find and identify them. Ike-scan sends properly formatted IKE packet to each of the address you wish to scan and displays the IKE responses that are received. While ike-scan has a dozens of options, we will only cover the basics here. Screenshot Here Using ike-scan to actually perform VPN discovery is relatively straight forward.
Simply give it a range and it will attempt to identify Screenshot Here The THC-IPV6 Attack Toolkit is a complete set of tools to scan for inherent protocol weaknesses of IPv6 deployments. Implementation6 which performs various implementation checks on IPv6. Screenshot Here Exploit6 is another tool from the THC-IPV6 Attack Toolkit which can test for known ipv6 vulnerabilities. Screenshot Here Screenshot Here War dialing is process of using a modem to automatically scan a list of telephone numbers, usually dialing every number in a local area code to search for computers, Bulletin board systems and fax machines.
WarVOX is a suite of tools for exploring, classifying, and auditing telephone systems. Unlike normal wardialing tools, WarVOX works with the actual audio from each call and does not use a modem directly. This model allows WarVOX to find and classify a wide range of interesting lines, including modems, faxes, voice mail boxes, PBXs, loops, dial html output option template access report export zipcode, IVRs, and forwarders.
WarVOX provides the unique ability to classify all telephone lines in a given range, not just those connected to modems, allowing for a comprehensive audit of a telephone system. VoIP VoIP networks rely on the network infrastructure that just simply targeting phones and servers is like leaving half the scope untouched. The intelligence gathering phase should have resulted in identify all network devices, including routers and VPN gateways, web servers, TFTP servers, DNS servers, DHCP servers, RADIUS servers, and firewalls.
Note: The default username is admin with a password of warvox. It is designed to scan for ISDN PAWS only and newer analog modems. Screenshot Here SIPSCAN uses REGISTER, Html output option template access report export zipcode and INVITE request methods to scan for live SIP extensions and users. SIPSCAN comes with a list of usernames users. This should be modified to include data collected during earlier phases to target the specific environment. Screenshot Here SIPSAK is tool that can test for SIP enabled applications and devices using the OPTION request method only.
Screenshot Here SVMAP is a part of the SIPVicious suite and it can be used to scan identify and fingerprint a single IP or a range of IP addresses. Svmap allows specifying the method being used such as OPTIONS, INVITE, and REGISTER. Screenshot Here Passive Testing is exactly what it sounds like. Testing for vulnerabilities but doing so in a passive manner.
This is often best left to automated tools, but it can be accomplished by manually methods as well. Traffic Monitoring is a passive mechanism for gathering further information about the targets. This can be helpful in determining the specifics of an operating system or network device. There are times when active fingerprinting may indicate, for example, an older operating system.
This may or may not be the case. Passive fingerprinting is essentially a "free" way to ensure that the data you are reporting is as accurate as possible. P0f is an awesome passive fingerprinting tool. P0f can identify the operating system on based upon machines you connect to and that you connect to as well as machines that you cannot connect to. Also, it can fingerprint machines based upon the communications that your interfaces can observe.
Screenshot Here Wireshark is a free and open-source packet analyzer. It is used for network troubleshooting, analysis, software and communications protocol development, and education. Originally named Ethereal, in May the project was renamed Wireshark due to trademark issues. Screenshot Here Tcpdump is a common packet analyzer that runs under the command line. Tcpdump works on most Unix-like operating systems: Linux, Solaris, BSD, Mac OS X, HP-UX and AIX among others.
In those systems, tcpdump uses the libpcap library to capture packets. There is also a port of tcpdump for Windows called WinDump; this uses WinPcap, which is a port of libpcap to Windows. Screenshot Here The Metasploit Unleashed course has several tutorials on performing vulnerability scanning leveraging the Metasploit Framework. The results from the vulnerability identification phase must be individually validated and where exploits are available, these must be validated.
The only exception would be an exploit that results in a Denial of Service DoS. This would need to be included in the scope to be considered for validation. There are numerous sites that offer such code for download that should be used as part of the Vulnerability Analysis phase. Attempt to identify if a device, application, or operating system is vulnerable to a default credential attack is really as simple as trying to enter in known default passwords.
Default passwords can be obtained from the following websites: Identifying all potential targets is critical to penetration testing. Properly established target lists ensure that attacks are properly targeted. Html output option template access report export zipcode the particular versions of software running in the environment can be identified, the tester is dealing with a known quantity, and can even replicate the environment.
A properly defined target list should include a mapping of OS version, patch level information. If known it should include web application weaknesses, lockout thresholds and weak ports for attack. Version checking is a quick way to identify application information. To some extent, versions of services can be fingerprinted using nmap, and versions of web applications can often be gathered by looking at the source of an arbitrary page.
To identify the patch level of services internally, consider using software which will interrogate the system for differences between versions. Credentials may be used for this phase of the penetration test, provided the client has acquiesced. Vulnerability scanners are particularly effective at identifying patch levels remotely, without credentials.
Excel Userform - Import and Export from Access Database
INSTALL ON A NEW MACHINE QE. UPDATE EXISTING VERSION QC. Download this to install HI-Tech Pawn software on a new server or additional. Microsoft Access comprehensive list all Error Numbers and Descriptions. Note how because we are assigning the value of the comprehensions to a variable in the example above, CoffeeScript is collecting the result of each iteration into an.